Names of Famous Volcanoes
The volatile features of Planet Earth are the most important topic of study because it has led to some of the most famous volcanoes. The names of famous volcanoes cover diverse areas of the entire earth. The study of volcanoes is an exciting career opportunity for young individuals. It is very closely related to geology. Geologists can predict new volcanic activity, by analyzing the series of events that led to previous eruptions.
The following are three names of famous volcanoes:
Mount Vesuvius, Italy
Mount Vesuvius is considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes. The eruption of 79 AD destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The subsequent eruptions have been less severe. It poses many threats to the large population in its vicinity. This makes it a volcano to watch out for.
Mount Tambora, Indonesia
Mt Tambora’s eruption of 1815 left nearly 71,000 people dead. It measured 7 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index. This was the largest eruption in the history of the volcano. It had a profound impact on the environment, and created a volcanic winter. The following year was termed as the ‘year without a summer’. This has made it the world’s most famous volcano. The snowstorms in New England and Eastern Canada can be attributed to this volcano. This led to crop failure and loss of human lives. The eruptions in 1812, 1813, and 1814, too, led to climatic changes, which resulted in an explosion.
Among the 130 active volcanoes in Indonesia, Krakatau is the most famous because of its explosive eruptions. In terms of size, it is not one of the largest volcanoes. It showcased its might in an 1883 explosion, which resulted in the disintegration of the northern portion of the island. This later caused many tsunamis. Nearly 36,000 individuals lost their lives due to the massive walls of water. Several towns and villages that lay along the coastline were wiped out. Some islands, too, were destroyed. The temperatures, too, dropped around the world.
- Crater Lake, Oregon:
Its last eruption was 6600 years ago. It had the force equivalent to an atomic bomb.
- Mt. St. Helens, Washington:
The earthquake in 1980 resulted in the largest landslide in the history of America.
- Mt. Rainier, Washington:
The lava flowed for nearly 70 miles.
- Mauna Loa, Hawaii:
It is the largest volcano above sea level. It measures 60 miles at the base.